Clean Air Act of 1999. Is just for decoration?

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It is very painful to see that Filipino are intelligent but doesn't know how to use its intelligence. Same wise to see that they create laws, ordinance or bill but lack of implementation.

It takes years to have a good environment but it only takes hours to destroy it little by litle. It was weeks ago when I took a photo of one of the Clarkson Jeepney's in Divine Word College in Albay that was emitting too much black smoke while picking up passengers. A question comes in mind, how did exactly these jeepney operator manage to get a licence to operate and how come that there are none of any environmental agencies either government and non-government didn't even bother to make an issue about these Jeepney's.

We citizen of Bicolano also have the right in breathing clean air, but these public vehicle and also those private vehicle are polluting the air before we breathe it. A question for all the Bicolano, are you in favor of breathing those smoke emitted by those vehicles? Keep that answer in mind and take some actions.

The Clean Air Act is very clear and self-explanatory but why is it hard for vehicle owners to obliged themselves with their responsibility. This delinquent vehicle owners they can freely drive around while polluting the air and not even environmentalist are able to make a stand of it.

In my opinion, If these people just do their obligation over their vehicle we could have focused ourselves with other issues, we could have easily promote our clean environment toward tourist and they could have saved more money rather than paying the ticket.

In Republic Act No. 8749 or also known as the Phillipine Clean Air Act of 1999, it states that;
SEC. 2. Declaration of Principles. - The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a  balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
The State shall promote and protect the global environment to attain sustainable development while  recognizing the primary responsibility of local government units to deal with environmental problems. 
The State recognizes that the responsibility of cleaning the habitat and environment is primarily area-based. 
The State also recognizes the principle that “polluters must pay”.  
Finally, the State recognizes that a clean and healthy environment is for the good of all and should, therefore, be  the concern of all.

SEC. 4. Recognition of Rights. - Pursuant to the above-declared principles, the following rights of citizens  are hereby sought to be recognized and the State shall seek to guarantee their enjoyment:
          [a] The right to breathe clean air;  
          [b] The right to utilize and enjoy all natural resources according to the principles of sustainable development;  
          [c] The right to participate in the formulation, planning, implementation and monitoring of environmental policies  and programs and in the decision-making process;  
          [d] The right to participate in the decision-making process concerning development policies, plans and  programs projects or activities that may have adverse impact on the environment and public health;  
          [e] The right to be informed of the nature and extent of the potential hazard of any activity, undertaking or project  and to be served timely notice of any significant rise in the level of pollution and the accidental or deliberate release into the atmosphere of harmful or hazardous substances; 
          [f] The right of access to public records which a citizen may need to exercise his or her rights effectively under  this Act;  
          [g] The right to bring action in court or quasi-judicial bodies to enjoin all activities in violation of environmental  laws and regulations, to compel the rehabilitation and cleanup of affected area, and to seek the imposition of  penal sanctions against violators of environmental laws; and  
          [h] The right to bring action in court for compensation of personal damages resulting from the adverse  environmental and public health impact of a project or activity. 
SEC. 5. Definitions.- As used in this Act: 
          a) “Air pollutant” means any matter found in the atmosphere other than oxygen, nitrogen, water vapor, carbon  dioxide, and the inert gases in their natural or normal concentrations, that is detrimental to health or the  environment, which includes, but not limited to smoke, dust, soot, cinders, fly ash, solid particles of any kind,  gases, fumes, chemical mists, steam and radioactive substances;
          b) “Air pollution” means any alteration of the physical, chemical and biological properties of the atmospheric  air, or any discharge thereto of any liquid, gaseous or solid substances that will or is likely to create or to render  the air resources of the country harmful, detrimental, or injurious to public health, safety or welfare or which will  adversely affect their utilization for domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, or other legitimate  purposes;
          c) “Ambient air quality guideline values” means the concentration of air over specified periods classified as  short-term and long-term which are intended to serve as goals or objectives for the protection of health and/or  public welfare. These values shall be used for air quality management purposes such as determining time  trends, evaluating stages of deterioration or enhancement of the air quality, and in general, used as basis for  taking positive action in preventing, controlling, or abating air pollution;
          d) “Ambient air quality” means the general amount of pollution present in a broad area; and refers to the  atmosphere’s average purity as distinguished from discharge measurements taken at the source of pollution; 
          e) “Certificate of Conformity” means a certificate issued by the Department of Environment and Natural  Resources to a vehicle manufacturer / assembler or importer certifying that a particular new vehicle or vehicle  type meets the requirements provided under this Act and its rules and regulations;
          f) “Department” means the Department of Environment and Natural Resources;
          g)“Eco-profile” means the geographic-based instrument for planners and decision makers which present an  evaluation of the environment quality and carrying capacity of an area. It is the result of the integration of primary  data and information on natural resources and antropogenic activities on the land which were evaluated by various  environmental risk assessment and forecasting methodologies that enable the Department to anticipate the  type of development control necessary in the planning area.
          h)“Emission” means any air contaminant, pollutant, gas stream or unwanted sound from a known source  which is passed into the atmosphere;
          i) “Greenhouse gases” means those gases that can potentially or can reasonably be expected to induce  global warming, which include carbon dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, chloroflourocarbons, and the like;
          j) “Hazardous substances” means those substances which present either: (1) short-term acute hazards such  as acute toxicity by ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption, corrosivity or other skin or eye contact hazard or  the risk of fire explosion; or (2) long-term toxicity upon repeated exposure, carcinogecity (which in some cases  result in acute exposure but with a long latent period), resistance to detoxification process such as  biodegradation, the potential to pollute underground or surface waters;
          k) “Infectious waste” means that portion of medical waste that could transmit an infectious disease;
          l) “Medical waste” means the materials generated as a result of patient diagnosis, treatment, or immunization  of human beings or animals;
          m) “Mobile source” means any vehicle propelled by or through combustion of carbon-based or other fuel,  constructed and operated principally for the conveyance of persons or the transportation of property goods;
          n) “Motor vehicle” means any vehicle propelled by a gasoline or diesel engine or by any means other than  human or animal power, constructed and operated principally for the conveyance of persons or the  transportation of property or goods in a public highway or street open to public use;
          o) “Municipal waste” means the waste materials generated from communities within a specific locality;
          p) "New vehicle” means a vehicle constructed entirely from new parts that has never been sold or registered  with the DOTC or with the appropriate agency or authority, and operated on the highways of the Philippines,  any foreign state or country;
          q) “Octane Rating or the Anti-Knock Index(AKI)” means the rating of the anti-knock characteristics of a grade  or type of automotive gasoline as determined by dividing by two (2) the sum of the Research Octane Number  (RON), plus the Motor Octane Number (MON); the octane requirement, with respect to automotive gasoline for  use in a motor vehicle or a class thereof, whether imported, manufactured, or assembled by a manufacturer,  shall refer to the minimum octane rating of such automotive gasoline which such manufacturer recommends  for the efficient operation of such motor vehicle, or a substantial portion of such class, without knocking;
          r) “Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)” means those substances that significantly deplete or otherwise  modify the ozone layer in a manner that is likely to result in adverse effects of human health and the  environment such as, but not limited to, chloroflourocarbons, halons and the like;
          s) “Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)” means the organic compounds that persist in the environment,  bioaccumulate through the food web, and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the  environment.  These compounds resist photolytic, chemical and biological degradation, which shall include but  not be limited to dioxin, furan, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides, such as aldrin, dieldrin, DDT, hexachlorobenzene, lindane, toxaphere and chlordane;
          t) “Poisonous and toxic fumes” means any emissions and fumes which are beyond internationally - accepted  standards, including but not limited to the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline values;
          u) “Pollution control device" means any device or apparatus used to prevent, control or abate the pollution of  air caused by emissions from identified pollution sources at levels within the air pollution control standards established by the Department;
          v) “Pollution control technology” means the pollution control devices, production process, fuel combustion  processes or other means that effectively prevent or reduce emissions or effluent;
          w) “Standard of performance" means a standard for emissions of air pollutant which reflects the degree of  emission limitation achievable through the application of the best system of emission reduction, taking into  account the cost of achieving such reduction and any non-air quality health and environmental impact and  energy requirement which the Department determines, and adequately demonstrates; and
          x) “Stationary source” means any building or immobile structure, facility or installation which emits or may emit  any air pollutant.